Does Medicare Cover Ketamine Treatments?

Ketamine is not covered by Medicare for mental health related conditions such as depression. However, there are alternatives to this medication that are covered by Medicare.

Ketamine, originally developed as an anesthetic, has gained popularity in recent years for its potential as a treatment for various mental health conditions, particularly treatment-resistant depression. Many individuals suffering from mental health disorders have sought relief through ketamine therapy. However, the cost of these treatments can be a significant concern. In this article, we will explore what ketamine treatment is, how much it typically costs, and whether Medicare covers such treatments.

What is Ketamine Treatment?

Ketamine treatment involves the administration of the drug ketamine, typically through intravenous (IV) infusion, to address mental health conditions, especially treatment-resistant depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and some types of chronic pain. Ketamine works differently from traditional antidepressant medications, often providing rapid relief to those who have not responded well to other treatments. It is believed to work by modulating certain neurotransmitters in the brain, particularly glutamate.

IV Shot

Ketamine is usually administered in a controlled clinical setting, and patients are monitored closely during the procedure. The treatment often consists of a series of sessions, with the number and frequency varying depending on the individual and the condition being treated.

Cost of Ketamine Treatment

The cost of ketamine treatment can vary widely depending on several factors, including the type of facility, location, the number of sessions, and the specific condition being treated. According to Fair Square Medicare, the cost of a single ketamine infusion session can range from $400 to $800 or more. In some cases, patients may require multiple sessions over a period of several weeks, which can significantly increase the overall cost of treatment.

It’s important to note that ketamine treatment is rarely covered by traditional health insurance plans, which can be a major barrier for many individuals seeking this therapy.

Does Medicare Cover Ketamine Treatment?

Medicare coverage can be complex, and it is essential to understand how it applies to ketamine treatment. Medicare typically consists of several parts, including Part A (hospital insurance), Part B (medical insurance), Part C (Medicare Advantage), and Part D (prescription drug coverage). To determine if Medicare covers ketamine treatment, we need to examine each part separately.

  1. Medicare Part A: (Hospital Insurance) Medicare Part A mainly covers inpatient hospital care and limited skilled nursing facility care. Since ketamine treatment is provided in an outpatient clinical setting, Part A does not cover it.
  2. Medicare Part B: (Medical Insurance) Medicare Part B covers a wide range of medically necessary services and treatments, but coverage can be subject to specific conditions. When it comes to ketamine treatment, Part B may provide some coverage if the treatment is considered medically necessary and administered by a Medicare-approved healthcare provider. This coverage can vary from case to case and may require extensive documentation and authorization.
  3. Medicare Part C: (Medicare Advantage) Medicare Advantage plans, offered by private insurance companies approved by Medicare, can provide additional benefits beyond the original Medicare Parts A and B. Some Medicare Advantage plans may offer coverage for ketamine treatment, but it is essential to review the plan’s specifics, as coverage can vary widely.
  4. Medicare Part D: (Prescription Drug Coverage) Ketamine is considered a prescription medication. Therefore, Part D prescription drug coverage might be relevant if ketamine is prescribed as part of your treatment regimen. However, the specific coverage and copayments associated with ketamine can differ depending on the plan.

It’s crucial to be aware that Medicare does not provide any coverage of ketamine treatment for mental health conditions. According to New Pathways Clinic, Medicare often requires patients to have tried and failed other treatments before covering ketamine therapy. Additionally, the specific billing codes and documentation may be necessary to demonstrate the medical necessity of this treatment.

Medicare Will Cover Eligible Patients for Spravato

Esketamine, also known as Spravato, is a known alternative to Ketamine treatment, which is covered by Medicare. Esketamine is a pharmaceutical derivative of ketamine, specifically the S-enantiomer of ketamine. It works by targeting the same neurotransmitter systems in the brain as ketamine, particularly the glutamate system. Esketamine is available as a nasal spray, offering a non-invasive and easily administered alternative to traditional ketamine infusion therapy.


Ketamine treatment shows promise as an alternative therapy for individuals struggling with treatment-resistant depression, PTSD, and chronic pain. However, the cost of these treatments can be a significant concern for many patients. Medicare coverage for ketamine treatment can vary depending on the specific circumstances, and it may require thorough documentation and prior attempts at other treatments.

If you or a loved one is considering ketamine treatment and are covered by Medicare, it is advisable to consult with your healthcare provider and your Medicare plan administrator to explore the potential for coverage and to understand the specific requirements and conditions that must be met.

Ultimately, while Medicare may provide coverage for some individuals, it is essential to be prepared for potential out-of-pocket expenses related to ketamine treatment. Understanding the coverage options and requirements is a critical step in making informed decisions regarding mental health treatment options.

Contact The Experts

If you still have questions about Ketamine treatment coverage by Medicare and alternatives of the medication, contact The Mair Agency today. We are your North Carolina Medicare experts and we can assist you with your Medicare Coverage. Call the number at the top of our website or fill out a contact form to speak with one of our representatives today!

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